Image provided courtesy of Flickr user: Anuska Sampredo
By Benjamin Vonachen (Senior Legislative Assistant, PI Government Relations Office)
Can evidence-based psychological science be a persuasive voice in immigration reform?
The already passionate immigration debate before the U.S. Senate struck an emotional tone when Senator Al Franken (D-MN) took to the floor to address the issue of children/parent separations caused by immigration proceedings.
“Over the past two years, more than 200,000 parents of citizen children were deported,” said Franken. “These children are often abandoned at home or at school and can go for months without speaking or visiting their parents.”
Senator Franken’s passionate remarks, while grounded in first-hand accounts from his home state of Minnesota, were also supported by recently emerging psychological evidence. It is not surprising that family separations can be traumatic. Research has found that the immigration experience can profoundly impact the social and emotional development of children, especially those separated from their families or facing an uncertain future.
APA’s 2012 Presidential Task Force Report on Immigration, Crossroads: The Psychology of Immigration in the New Century, cites studies that find that both a longer separation and a more complex family reunification process increase the likelihood of psychological symptoms among children of immigrants. These experiences were further documented in APA’s “Undocumented Americans” video produced by PI’s Children, Youth and Families office.
The most recent Senate immigration bill, Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S.744), which passed the U.S. Senate by a 68-32 bipartisan supermajority, features a number of provisions on issues ranging from child welfare to humane detention standards to educational achievement, among others, which are relevant to psychology.
Due, in part, to the bill’s emphasis on protecting and keeping families together, APA offered a letter of support for Senator Al Franken’s (D-MN) successful amendment to S.744 that would require Immigration Customs Enforcement (ICE) to consider the best interests of children in the detention, release and transfer decisions affecting their parents. This amendment also includes stipulations that immigrant parents must receive free confidential calls to arrange for their children’s care while in ICE custody.
APA also offered a letter of support for Senator Patrick Leahy’s amendment to S.744 that would have allowed for U.S. citizens to sponsor their same-sex partners in family-based immigration procedures. The amendment, which was drafted prior to the Supreme Court’s decision to strike down the Defense of Marriage Act, was ultimately not brought before the Judiciary Committee’s consideration.
APA is strongly committed to these issues and the Public Interest Government Relations Office has pursued a variety of advocacy activities over the last three years, including:
the widespread distribution of the APA Presidential Task Force on Immigration report to congressional offices and staff;
a congressional briefing in the U.S. House of Representatives; and
numerous face-to-face visits with key policy makers.
With time running out on the 2013 congressional calendar, APA stands ready to help ensure that good psychological science influences the negotiations in the House of Representatives and Senate to fix our nation’s immigration system. APA continues to urge the House to take action and to keep provisions relevant to psychology and mental health such as the Franken amendment in any legislation.
We want to hear from you. Tell us in the comments:
What are your thoughts about the immigration debate before Congress and its implications for psychology?
Do you have information that could be helpful to us in our advocacy efforts?
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This is Part One in a series of blog posts on the topic of immigration. Part Two of the series is by 2011 APA President Melba Vasquez who discusses how psychology debunks many myths about immigrants. Part Three of the series by Dr. Carola Suarez-Orozco looks at the implications of unauthorized status for immigrant children and youth.